Experimentálna Metóda

Experimentálna psychológia má v Nemecku istý šmrnc. Vo filozofii  ťahali Nemci (Kant, Hegel, Schopenhauer) čo sa týka zrozumiteľnosti, pregnantnosti vyjadrovania a naturalizácie riešení za kratší koniec ako briti (Locke, Hume, Spencer, Huxley). No, čo sa týka experimentálnej psychológie boli to Anglosasi, čo pumpovali intuície, písali poézieu (James, Dewey) a  Nemci (Wundt, Fechner) naučili svet ako rigorózne skúmať ľudskú myseľ.

Slová Williama Jamesa visia dnes zarámované v pracovni každého nemeckého experimentálneho psychológa:

But psychology is passing into a less simple phase. Within a few years what one may call a microscopic psychology has arisen in Germany, carried on by experimental methods, asking of course every moment for introspective data, but eliminating their uncertainty by operating on a large scale and taking statistical means. This method taxes patience to the utmost, and could hardly have arisen in a country whose natives could be bored. Such Germans as Weber, Fechner, Vierordt, and Wundt obviously cannot ; and their success has brought into the field an array of younger experimental psychologists, bent on studying the elements of the mental life, dissecting them out from the gross results in which they are embedded, and as far as possible reducing them to quantitative scales. The simple and open method of attack having done what it can, the method of patience, starving out, and harassing to death is tried ; the Mind must submit to a regular siege, in which minute advantages gained night and day by the forces that hem her in must sum themselves up at last into her overthrow. There is little of the grand style about these new prism, pendulum, and chronograph-philosophers. They mean business, not chivalry. What generous divination, and that superiority in virtue which was thought by Cicero to give a man the best insight into nature, have failed to do, their spying and scraping, their deadly tenacity and almost diabolic cunning, will doubtless some day bring about.

William James, Principles of Psychology, Kap. 7.


Pridaj komentár

Zadajte svoje údaje, alebo kliknite na ikonu pre prihlásenie:

WordPress.com Logo

Na komentovanie používate váš WordPress.com účet. Odhlásiť sa /  Zmeniť )

Google+ photo

Na komentovanie používate váš Google+ účet. Odhlásiť sa /  Zmeniť )

Twitter picture

Na komentovanie používate váš Twitter účet. Odhlásiť sa /  Zmeniť )

Facebook photo

Na komentovanie používate váš Facebook účet. Odhlásiť sa /  Zmeniť )


Connecting to %s